Algebra 2 – Sequences

Q: What is the tenth term of the sequence: 4, 12, 36, 108, …?

Answer:  78732

Explanation:  It’s a geometric sequence because each term is multiplied by 3 to get the next term. The common ratio (r) is 3. You *could* just keep multiplying by 3 until you get to the tenth term. It’s not the most efficient way, but it works.

The ‘best’ way, if you know it, is to use the formula for the nth term of a geometric sequence:

2014-09-06_202336

Oh, and my TI-84 Plus program ‘NTHTERM’ will find this answer for you.

 

Highly Effective Headline!
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

SAT – Counting and Ordering

Q: In how many ways can the letters of the word ‘FIVE’ be arranged?

Answer:   24

Explanation 1:  SInce there are 4 different letters, do 4!  (that’s ‘4 factorial’).   4! = 4 x 3x 2x 1 = 24.  Your calculator might have a factorial (!) function.  On the TI-84 Plus, find it in MATH – PRB.

Explanation 2:  SInce you are choosing 4 items from a total of 4 items, and the order is important, you can do 4 nPr 4, or use the formula for nPr.

 

Highly Effective Headline!
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

SAT – Counting and Ordering

Q:  When 5 people met for dinner, each person shook hands with each other person once.  How many handshakes happened?

Answer: 10

Explanation 1: Two people = a handshake.  This question is really ‘How many ways are there to choose 2 people from a total of 5, if the order is not important?’ It’s a combination question. Find the nCr function on your calculator. Type in 5 nCr 2. It’s 10. (There is a longer way to do it by hand, using the formula for nCr.)

Explanation 2: Person A shook hands with 4 people.  That’s  4 handshakes so far. Person B shook hands with 3 other people (his shake with A has already been counted). Person C shook hands with 2 other people.  Person D shook hands with 1 other person (E). Add: 4 + 3 + 2 + 1 = 10.

Highly Effective Headline!
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

SAT / Algebra 1: Ratios

Q:  In my box of cereal, the ratio of flakes to raisins is 9:2. If there are a total of 220 flakes and raisins in the box, how many of these are flakes?
 
Answer:  180
Explanation:  Solve the equation: 9x + 2x = 220 to get x = 20.  ‘Flakes’ are the 9x part of the equation.  9(20) = 180.  Or, use my TI-84 Plus program ‘RATIO’.
Highly Effective Headline!
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

SAT – systems of equations

Q: A phone call costs c cents for the first 10 minutes and n cents per minute for additional minutes. A 20-minute phone call costs 50 cents, and a 40-minute phone call costs 90 cents. What is the value of c?
 
Answer: 30
Explanation:  A 20-minute call costs c cents for the first 10 minutes and n cents per minute for each of the next 10 minutes.  So, c+10n=50.  A 40-minute call costs c cents for the first 10 minutes and n cents per minute for each of the next 30 minutes: c+30n=90.  Solve this system of equations.  Use my TI-84 Plus program CRAMER or an algebraic method such as substitution, elimination, Cramer’s Rule, etc.  c=30.
Highly Effective Headline!
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Geometry – polygons

Q: What is the sum of the interior angles of a convex hexagon?
 
 Answer: 720
Use the formula (n-2)x180, with n=6 (because a hexagon has 6 sides).
(6 – 2) x 180
4 x 180
720
My TI-84 Plus program POLYGON will find this total for you.
Highly Effective Headline!
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Algebra 1, 2 – systems of equations

Q: 100 people are to be seated at 22 tables. Some tables seat 4 people and some seat 6 people. If no seats are empty, how many tables seating 4 people are there?
 
Answer: 16
Explanation:  Solve the system: x + y = 22; 4x + 6y = 100.  My ‘CRAMER’ program will solve this for you! The number of 4-person tables is the x-value of the solution.
Highly Effective Headline!
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Algebra 1 – distance

Q: To the nearest tenth, what is the distance between the points (-6,2) and (6,5)?
 
Answer:  12.4 
(Use the distance formula, and round to the nearest tenth.)
My TI-84 Plus program DISTANCE will find this value.
Highly Effective Headline!
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

SAT – Counting and Ordering

Q: Bob has ten different books, but must choose only three to bring along on his vacation. In how many ways can Bob choose three books?
 
Answer: 120
Explanation: This is a combination (not permutation) problem, because the order of the books in Bob’s bag does not matter.  Find the nCr function on your calculator and enter ’10 nCr 3′.  On the TI-84 Plus, nCr is in MATH, PRB, 3.  Or, do this by hand using the formula for nCr.
Highly Effective Headline!
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Algebra 1, 2 – systems of equations

Two cubes and one pyramid weigh 9 lb. Seven cubes and two pyramids weigh 24 lb. All cubes weigh the same, and all pyramids weigh the same. What is the weight of one pyramid?

 
Answer: 5 lb

Explanation:  Let x be the weight of a cube.  Let y be the weight of a pyramid. 

The first sentence becomes: 2x + y = 9. 

The second sentence is: 7x + 2y = 24. 

Solve this as a system of equations by any method you choose… substitution, elimination, Cramer’s Rule, etc.  Or use my TI-84 Plus program ‘CRAMER’.

x = 2, y = 5

‘y’ is the weight of one pyramid, so the answer is 5.

 

 

Highly Effective Headline!
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.