# SAT – remainders

If summer begins on a Tuesday and ends 100 days later, on which day of the week does summer end?

Explanation:  A week has 7 days.  Dividing 100 by 7, you get 14 remainder 2.  That’s 14 weeks and 2 days.  Beginning on a Tuesday, 14 weeks later would land on a Tuesday too.  Two more days brings you to Thursday. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

# Geometry – circles

Q: The area of a 45 degree sector of circle M is 100 square units. What is the area of circle M?

Answer: 800 square units

Explanation:  The 45° sector is exactly 1/8 of the circle. (45/360 = 1/8)

100 = 1/8 of the area of the whole circle.

The area of the whole circle is 800. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

# Algebra 1, 2 – systems of equations

Two cubes and one pyramid weigh 9 lb. Seven cubes and two pyramids weigh 24 lb. All cubes weigh the same, and all pyramids weigh the same. What is the weight of one pyramid?

Explanation:  Let x be the weight of a cube.  Let y be the weight of a pyramid.

The first sentence becomes: 2x + y = 9.

The second sentence is: 7x + 2y = 24.

Solve this as a system of equations by any method you choose… substitution, elimination, Cramer’s Rule, etc.  Or use my TI-84 Plus program ‘CRAMER’.

x = 2, y = 5

‘y’ is the weight of one pyramid, so the answer is 5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

# Geometry – prism

How many vertices does a rectangular prism have?

If you have trouble drawing it or visualizing it, consider this instead:  A prism has two identical bases.  All of the vertices are along the edges of the two bases.  Since a rectangular prism has rectangles for bases, each base will have 4 vertices.  Two rectangular bases will have 8 vertices total. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

# SAT – counting and ordering

Q: You are 18th in line and your friend is 34th in line. How many people are in line between you and your friend?

No, not 16! Do 34-18=16, but then subtract one. Why? The 16 includes either the person you started with (you) or the person you ended with (your friend), and you don’t want to include either person in the count. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

# Algebra 2 – solving quadratic equations

Q: The length of a rectangle is 4 cm longer than the width. If the rectangle’s area is 45 cm², what is the width?

Explanation:  Call the width x.  Then, the length is x+4.

Area of a rectangle = (length)(width).

45 = x(x+4)

45 = x² + 4x

0 = x² + 4x – 45

Now, factor:

0 = (x + 9)(x – 5)

x = -9 or x = 5

Since a length can’t be negative, discard x = -9.  The only solution is x = 5.  Since ‘x’ is what we called the width, it is the answer to the question.  Just put the appropriate unit on it: 5 cm. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

# SAT – Probability

Using a standard pair of dice, what is the probability of rolling two numbers with a sum of 8?

5/36

Explanation:  6 x 6 = 36 ways you can roll two dice.  Now, find the ways you can get a sum of 8:

2+6, 6+2, 3+5, 5+3, 4+4

That’s 5 ways.  So, the probability is 5/36.  