Proportions

Q:  x is inversely proportional to w.  If x = 6 when w = 8, what is x when w = 12?

.

.

.

.

 

Answer: 4

Solution by hand:

For inverse proportions, (x1)(w1) = (x2)(w2)

(6)(8) = (x)(12)

48 = 12x

x=4

Solution using my TI-84 Plus Program PROPORTN:

Run PROPORTN.  How?

x1 = 6

y1 = 8  (here, we have renamed w1 as y1)

Have y2 (really w2)

y2 = 12

Choose ‘Inverse’ proportion.

Then, x2 = 4.

Highly Effective Headline!
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Proportions

Let’s change yesterday’s question around a bit:

Q:  Wandering around blindly in a parking lot (don’t try it, please), the probability that the first car you bump into is blue is 2/5.  If there are 500 blue cars, how many cars are in the parking lot?

.

.

.

.

 

Answer: 1250

Solution by hand:

Set up the proportion using the concept ‘blue / total = blue / total’:

2/5 = 500/x

2x = 2500

x = 1250

Solution using my TI-84 Plus Program PROPORTN:

Run PROPORTN.  How?

x1 = 2  (blue)

y1 = 5  (total)

Have x2 (blue)

x2 = 500

Choose ‘Direct’ proportion (because it doesn’t say ‘inverse’ in the problem).

Then, y2 (the total) = 1250.

Highly Effective Headline!
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Algebra 2 – proportions

Q:  If x is inversely proportional to the square of y, and x = 4 when y = 1, find x when y = 2.

Answer:  1

Explanation:  We are told that x and y² are inversely proportional, so x • y² = k, where k is a constant.

Let’s find out what k is, using the given info:

4 • 1² = k

k = 4

Now,  x • y² = 4.

Plug in the new value for y, to find the new value for x:

x • y² = 4

x • 2² = 4

x • 4 = 4

x = 1

Highly Effective Headline!
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.