Get a TI-84 Plus Calculator!!

The BEST thing you can do to improve your SAT or ACT Math score is to get the TI-84 Plus calculator… and load it up with my programs.

It’s only $108 today on Amazon, with free shipping! This is the best deal I’ve seen. By comparison, Walmart has it for $119.27. Get it now: http://amzn.to/1vUA1IP

The TI-84 Plus is a great help to anyone taking the SAT or ACT. I have dozens of programs that will solve many typical problems in mere seconds. I can transfer these programs to your TI-84 Plus if you come to my office. BUT very soon they will be available for download on my website, with instructions and examples, so stay tuned!

By the way, there is no need to get any of the other fancier versions of this calculator. They won’t help you any more than this one does. But if you do want a certain color, well here are the other options:  http://amzn.to/1yi4bKd

(Yes, the TI-83 Plus is compatible with the programs, too, so that’s another option as listed in the above link, but the USB cable must be purchased separately.)

If all you need is the USB cable, here it is:

USB cable for  TI-84 Plus: http://amzn.to/1xAchur

USB cable for TI-83 Plus: http://amzn.to/1qAmCRx (Don’t buy the one above if you have the 83!!)

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ACT, Geometry – diagonal of a rectangular prism

Q: What is the (straight-line) distance between points A and B on the figure below?

rectangularprism2

Answer:  7

Explanation:  We are finding the length of the green segment below:

 

rectangularprism2wline

This requires the three-dimensional version of the distance formula:

  2014-09-12_225150

There is another way to do this, using a progression of two right triangles, with the green segment being the hypotenuse of the second triangle, but I find the above formula much simpler.  It is just an extension of the ‘usual’ (2-dimensional) distance formula we are so familiar with from Algebra and Geometry.

BUT if you want an even easier way, and I know you do, use my TI-84 Plus program ‘DIST3D’.

 

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Geometry – polygons

Q: A hexagon has interior angles measuring (in degrees) 137, 100, 150, 114, 90, and x. What is the value of x?
 
 Answer: 129
Explanation:
The total measure of all the interior angles in a polygon is (n-2) * 180, where n is the number of sides of the polygon.
A hexagon has 6 sides, so n = 6. The total is (6-2) * 180 = 720.
Add up the five given angle measures: 137 + 100 + 150 + 114 + 90 = 591.
The measure of the remaining angle is 720 – 591 = 129.
My TI-84 Plus program POLYGON will find this total for you.
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SAT – Counting and Ordering

Q: There are 11 basketball teams in a tournament. Each team plays each other team once. How many games are played?

 Answer: 55

Explanation 1: This question is really ‘How many ways are there to choose 2 teams from a total of 11 teams, if the order of the teams is not important?’ It’s a combination question. Find the nCr function on your calculator. On the TI-84 Plus it’s in MATH-PRB-3. Type in 11 nCr 2. It’s 55. (There is a longer way to do it by hand, using the formula for nCr.)

Explanation 2: Team A plays one game against each of the 10 other teams. That’s 10 games so far. Team B plays 9 other games (its game against Team A has already been counted). Team C plays 8 other games, … all the way down to the 1 last game between teams J and K. Add: 10 + 9 + 8 + 7 + 6 + 5 + 4 + 3 + 2 + 1 = 55.

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Algebra 1 – Find the equation of a line

Q: If the slope of the line through (-3,6) and (1,y) is 1/2, what is the value of y?

Answer:  8

Explanation: Slope is computed by the formula (y2 – y1) / (x2 – x1) … the change in y divided by the change in x.

So,

(y – 6) / (1 – -3) = 1 / 2

(y – 6) / 4 = 1 / 2

Multiply both sides by 4 and you have:

y – 6 = 2

y = 8

BUT, if you’re taking a test and having trouble remembering the method above, try this instead: Plot the point (-3,6) on a graph and move from that point with a slope of 1/2. Move up 1, right 2, up1, right 2… and repeat this pattern until your x-value is 1. Then, read the y-value at the same point. This is not my favorite way, but it works!

And one more thing!  If this were a multiple choice question, you could use my TI-84 Plus program ‘DISTANCE’ (which finds distance, midpoint, and slope for any two ordered pairs).  Substitute one of the answer choices for x, and see if the program reports that slope is 1/2.

 

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Algebra 1, 2 – systems of equations

Q: Red pens cost twice as much as blue pens. Two blue pens and three red pens cost a total of $2.32. How much does a blue pen cost?

 Answer:  $0.29

 Explanation:  Let r be the cost of a red pen, and let b be the cost of a blue pen. 

Then, r = 2b and 2b + 3r = 2.32. Solve this system of equations. 

By substitution,

r + 3r = 2.32

4r = 2.32

r = 0.58

Plug r= 0.58 into the first equation (or second, but I like the first better):

0.58 = 2b

0.29 = b

 You can also use other algebraic methods such as elimination, Cramer’s Rule, etc.  Or use my TI-84 Plus program CRAMER once you rearrange the system to say: 2b – r = 0 and 2b + 3r = 2.32.

 

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SAT – Counting and Ordering

Q:  20 students are to choose a president and vice president from among themselves. How many possible ways can they be chosen?

Answer:  380

Explanation 1:  Using the Counting Principle, set up two blanks to represent the president and vice president, from left to right:

____    ____

There are 20 choices for the president.  Put 20 in the first blank:

_20_    ____

The same person cannot be chosen for both positions, so there are 19 left to choose from for the vice president.  Put 19 in the second blank:

_20_    _19_

Now, multiply these numbers.  20 x 19 = 380.

Explanation 2:  This is a permutation problem since you are choosing 2 people from a total of 20 people, and the order is important.  The order is important because the two people chosen must be given specific positions, and switching those positions results in a different scenario.  Do  20 nPr 2 , or use the formula for nPr.  On the TI-84 Plus, find nPr in MATH-PRB-2.  The result is 380.

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SAT – number properties

Q: What is the sum of all of the integers from 1 to 100?

Answer: 5050

Explanation: Don’t add 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + … all the way up to 100! While it will work, it is a giant waste of time. Look for a pattern of numbers to pair up:

 1 + 99 = 100

2 + 98 = 100

3 + 97 = 100

49 + 51 = 100

 That’s 49 one hundreds. 49×100 = 4900. Now, add the numbers we have not counted yet: 100 and 50.

4900 + 100 + 50 = 5050.

 My TI-84 Plus program ‘SUMATOB’ will find this sum, too.

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Algebra 2 – Sequences

Q: What is the tenth term of the sequence: 4, 12, 36, 108, …?

Answer:  78732

Explanation:  It’s a geometric sequence because each term is multiplied by 3 to get the next term. The common ratio (r) is 3. You *could* just keep multiplying by 3 until you get to the tenth term. It’s not the most efficient way, but it works.

The ‘best’ way, if you know it, is to use the formula for the nth term of a geometric sequence:

2014-09-06_202336

Oh, and my TI-84 Plus program ‘NTHTERM’ will find this answer for you.

 

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SAT – Counting and Ordering

Q: In how many ways can the letters of the word ‘FIVE’ be arranged?

Answer:   24

Explanation 1:  SInce there are 4 different letters, do 4!  (that’s ‘4 factorial’).   4! = 4 x 3x 2x 1 = 24.  Your calculator might have a factorial (!) function.  On the TI-84 Plus, find it in MATH – PRB.

Explanation 2:  SInce you are choosing 4 items from a total of 4 items, and the order is important, you can do 4 nPr 4, or use the formula for nPr.

 

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